chinese pronunciation lesson kind of AKA "how to be less bad at pronouncing genshin impact things"
ok so again, this isn't totally properly correct, but it's better than what i've been hearing recently so here goes!
the structure here is gonna be:
letter that's written -> sound you should make (as written in english)
here we go!
z -> dz
c -> ts
zh , j-> j /g (like the g in Giraffe)
ch, q -> ch
sh, x -> sh
here's some guidance (again, not 100% correct, but in the right direction) on the vowels too:
i -> "ee" like "leek"
u -> "oo" like "too"
e - "ey" like "they"
o -> "oa" like "coat"
a -> "a" like "bar"
the nitty gritty details AKA why this isn't actually properly correct
so chinese doesn't actually distinguish between voiced and unvoiced (d vs t), but instead between aspirated and unaspirated
however, that difference is similar to the voicing difference (both are differences in VOT)
sounds written with voiced consonants are actually unvoiced, but unaspirated
and the voiceless consonants are the aspirated version
as well, chinese also has three series of affricates/fricatives: alveolar (standard in english; s, sh, ts, ch), palatal, and retroflex
z = ts
c = aspirated ts
zh = retroflex affricate
ch = aspirated retroflex affricate
j = palatal affricate
q = aspirated palatal affricate
sh = retroflex fricative
x = palatal fricative
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